Again, we have another presentation here. The topic for today is Education. Let’s see what presentation I created.
Education: Academic Grading
[Greeting] Good morning, everyone. My name is Anton Danshin. I’m a student of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.
In my today’s presentation I’m going to tell you about the academic Grading in different countries.
[Why?] The topic is very interesting and the information I’ll give you might be useful for those students who want to continue their education abroad.
[What?] There is an infinite variety of academic grading systems in different counties and there is no way to cover all these systems. And I will cover only common ones.
First of all, I’ll tell you what an academic grading is. Secondly, I’d like to tell a few words about the system that is used in Europe. Thirdly, I’ll familiarize you with the american grading system. Then I’ll tell a little bit about Russian system and systems used in the countries of CIS. And finally, I’ll highlight the main points of my presentation and make a conclusion.
[How?] The presentation won’t take long – just about 10 minutes. You may ask your questions at the end.
Lets get started!
What is an academic grading? The answer is quite obvious. The academic grading is the way of measurement of student’s knowledge and skills in a certain subject which he or she acquired during study at educational institution.
A perfect academic grading system should provide an objective assessment of the quality of student’s knowledge, rather than the quantity. Let’s see what functions a perfect grading system should fulfil.
- Firstly, it should help to compare stated aims with results achieved by a student.
- Secondly, it should reveal the main difficulties which students have.
- Thirdly, it should determine the quality of teachers work.
- And finally, a perfect grading system should motivate student to study.
Now that we know what academic grading is all about and what it stands for, we can move on to the next point of my presentation.
European Grading System: ECTS
In Europe the most common grading is so called ECTS – European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System. It is a standard for comparing the study attainment and performance of students of higher education across the European Union and other collaborating European countries.
For successfully completed studies, ECTS credits are awarded. One academic year corresponds to 60 ECTS-credits that are equivalent to 1500–1800 hours of study in all countries irrespective of standard or qualification type. To get bachelors degree it is necessary to have at least 180 – 240 ECTS-credits, and 300 credits for masters. ECTS also includes a standard ECTS grading scale, intended to be shown in addition to local (i.e. national) standard grades. The ECTS grading scale is shown on the slide.
That’s all I wanted to say about European grading system. Now let’s pass over to the American academic grading system.
American academic grading
In the Unated States of America they also have letter grades scale but it is very different from European one. They use 4-points scale. In addition, there is not any rating system, the Grade Point Average (GPA) is calculated instead.
Most graduate schools require a 3.0 (B) average to take a degree, with C or C- being the lowest grade for course credit. Most undergraduate schools require a 2.0, or C average to obtain a degree with a minimum of D or D− to pass a course. But this all depends on laws of a certain state.
That’s all about the USA. Let’s move on to the next point and see what we have in Russia and some neighbouring countries. As we can see from the table, some countries from Eastern Europe tend to have 10-point scale. Our country still has 5 point scale, but is it enough to represent the knowledge of students? Or there is no difference? These (actually difficult) questions bring me to the end of my presentation.
Let’s go over the main points I covered.
- Academic grading is a way to assess the quality of students’ knowledge and skills.
- A perfect grading system has to fulfil a lot of functions and there is obviously no the perfect one.
- There are a lot of different grading systems.
- Europe: ECTS
- the USA: 4-point scale + GPA
- Russia: 5-point scale
It’s quite difficult to decide which one is the best. But I think that the main problem is not in the grading scale at all! The main problem is in student’s ability and desire to study.
As the proverb says: ‘You can bring a horse to the water. But you can’t make it drink’. In other words, you can design any kind of grading scale but the final choice to study or not is up to students.
Thank you very much for your attention. Now you can ask your questions.
You can easily download my presentation from Google Docs:
Let me know if you find a mistake. Good luck with your English!